Coffee notes from Mr. Appel’s Disputatio lecture 8/24/07
Coffee originated in Ethiopia. Grows in red cherries, and the seed of these cherries is the coffee bean. The Ethiopians use the dry processing method of harvesting which allows the fruit overtones to be infused in the coffee. Coffea Arabica cannot grow just anywhere and it is hard to get a full crop. Cofea Robusta is fertile, but tastes terrible.
The discovery of the coffee bean is most likely contributed to a goatherder named Kali. He went to look for his goats one afternoon and discovered them under a tree jumping around and butting each other. He wasn’t quite sure what had gotten into them, thought they might possibly die, but when they were fine the next day, they went right back to the same tree and began to eat the berries and leaves. Kali became curious and tried some as well, and the rest is history.
“Black as Hell, sweet as I love, and strong as death.” ~Arabic Proverb
Their was a time in Arabia when wives could divorce their husbands if they were not given their daily coffee ration.
“He who sleeps away half his life, lives only half his life.” ~Khair Beg
Pope Clement VIII after trying this delectable beverage, called Satan’s brew at the time, decided that the pagans needn’t enjoy it all by themselves and thus baptized it.
For more on this you can browse through a book by William H. Ukers entitled All About Coffee
Kolschitsky the Poland opened The Blue Bottle Café, Europe’s first coffee house in Vienna in 1652, and by 1700 there were 2000 coffee houses.
Another name to google would be JE Jacobs.
Walter Rumsey prescribed coffee as a cure for drunkenness
“The Tattler” was the first magazine, and came about because of coffee house chats.
Stewart Allen dubbed it the “Devil’s Brew” but still continued to be the Puritan’s drink of choice.
Women began petitioning against coffeehouses because they never saw their husbands, as a result King Charles II banned coffee houses, but this did not last long.
Coffee as a national habit in England died. They did not own land condusive to growing coffee, but tea was prominent. By 1690, the Dutch smuggled coffee beans from Mocha and planted them in Java.
Louis XIV of France got coffee and de Clieu was determined to take coffee to the New World. He nurtured a small Cofea Arabica plant all the way across the ocean. Even when rations were low he would drink some water and give the rest to his plant. He was very determined!
By 1876 the US imported 340 million pounds of coffee per year, this means 1/3 of the world’s exports was coffee coming to the US.
Italy has drunk coffee for the longest of any nation.